Author Topic: B149.2-15 Propane storage and handling code & FS-XXX-15 Amendments  (Read 3941 times)

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You can download the FS-XXX-15 Proposed Propane Code Adoption Document  - Here

The amendment was to become effective on Jan 1, 2016, but as far as I know no official Orders have been released.

I reviewed the new B149.2-15 code book and will post any changes or additions it has in comparison to the B149.2-10.  The Propane Code amendment above would supersede the B149.2-15.  The B149.2-15 can be purchased from the CSA Website.

The changes I list below are the sections of the Code book that were marked with the triangle symbol.

Quote
In this 2015 edition, where a major change or addition to the previous edition of the Code has been made, the clause, table, or figure affected is identified by the symbol delta (*triangle) in the margin. Users of the Code are advised that the change markers in the text are not intended to be all-inclusive and are provided as a convenience only; such markers cannot constitute a comprehensive guide to the revisions made to the Code. Care must therefore be taken not to rely on the change markers to determine the current requirements of the Code. As always, users of the Code must consider the entire Code and any local amendments.

1.1
This Code applies to
(a) the storage, handling, and transfer of propane;
(b) propane used as an engine fuel in other than motor vehicles; and
(c) the installation, operation, and maintenance of containers and equipment to be used for propane at  customer locations, in distribution locations and filling plants.

1.2
This Code does not apply to
(a) transportation of propane;
(b) manufacture, selection, and use of standardized means of containment under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations;
(c) marine or pipeline terminals;
(d) gas where used as a feedstock in petroleum refineries or chemical plants;
(e) utility pipeline distribution and transmission pipelines;
(f) refrigerated storage or underground reservoirs for propane;
(g) propane used on boats;
(h) propane used as a propellant in aerosol containers;
(i) butane fuel cylinders of 5.3 oz (150 g) capacity or less;
(j) any equipment extending downstream from the inlet to any container pressure regulator (commonly referred to as first-stage regulator); and
(k) the installation of propane fuel system components and tanks on vehicles covered by CSA B149.5.

Aerosol container — a non-refillable container meeting the requirements for 2P, 2Q, or 2R aerosol containers for containment and transportation of propane under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations of Transport Canada.

Connected for use — a propane container that is properly connected to an appliance in accordance with the provisions of this Code.

Construction site — a temporary worksite involving construction activities such as the erection, alteration, and dismantling or demolition of a building or equipment, re-roofing of a building, or digging.

Container (with respect to propane storage) — either an aerosol container, a cylinder, or a tank.

Dispensing system — a system, consisting of tank, pump and motor, propane dispenser, and associated piping and supports, for the storage, metering, and dispensing of liquid propane into containers.

Propane dispenser — an assembly intended to dispense liquid propane and controlled by a human operator. The assembly can include a pressure relief device, vapour separator, strainer, metering assembly, meter register (mechanical or electronic), control valves, hose, hose nozzle, controls (mechanical or electronic), interlocking mechanism, locking mechanism, weigh scale, and associated wiring, piping fittings, and housing.

Tank (with respect to propane storage) — the class of container for the storage of propane, designed and fabricated in accordance with CSA B51.

Vaporizer — a device for converting liquid propane to vapour by means other than atmospheric heat transfer through the surface of the container.

Vehicle fuel dispenser — a propane dispenser, specifically for dispensing liquid propane by volume into containers.

4.1.2
When a specification or document referenced in Clause 2 contains a requirement that conflicts with a requirement in this Code, the requirement in this Code shall govern, except in the case of Canadian (federal), provincial, or territorial regulations.

5.2.3
Propane shall not be put into
(a) a cylinder or aerosol container specifically designed for butane or one that does not conform with the requirements of CSA B340 or CGSB 43.123, respectively; or
(b) a tank specifically designed for butane or one having a maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) of less than 250 psig (1725 kPa).
Note: The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations impose additional restrictions on the selection and use of cylinders.

5.2.5
A container having brass equipment designed for propane use shall not be used for anhydrous ammonia. Except as permitted by the requirements of CSA B340, when steel equipment is installed on the container and the container has been used with anhydrous ammonia, it may be used for propane if purged in accordance with Clause A.1 of Annex A.

5.10 Propane containers restriction
Propane containers shall not be stored or installed under any fire escape, stairway, or ramp used as a means of egress from a building.

5.11.4
It shall be the responsibility of the supplier of an industrial tractor or lift truck to inform the user of the ventilation requirement of Clause 5.11.3.

5.12 Fuel systems other than fuel systems for motive power

5.12.1
When a vehicle ceases to be used as a mobile home or recreational vehicle and is placed at a location in a permanently fixed manner, the system shall comply with all applicable requirements of CSA B149.1.

5.12.2
Except for a cylinder with a maximum capacity of 5 lb (3 kg) of propane, a cylinder shall not be installed or transported in any vehicle unless the installation conforms with the requirements of Clause 6.7.

5.12.3
An appliance in the application described in Clause 5.12.1 shall not be required to be certified specifically for use within a mobile home.

5.12.4
Piping from the supply line to the point of connection to a mobile housing structure shall conform to the requirements of the authority having jurisdiction.

5.12.5
The engine, appliance, appliance pilot lights, and other equipment on the vehicle that provide a source of ignition shall be turned off before and during any refuelling of the vehicle.

5.12.6
Vehicles equipped with propane appliances shall not be parked or stored indoors except when
(a) propane storage cylinders have been removed;
(b) propane storage tanks have
(i) the propane contents reduced to not more than 50% of their maximum permitted filling density; and
(ii) all shut-off valves in the closed position; or
(c) the parking facility is approved for this use.

6.1.1
Refillable cylinders shall be manufactured, tested, inspected, requalified, and marked in accordance with the requirements of CSA B339.

6.1.2
Except for
(a) cylinders used in industrial truck service; and
(b) cylinders identified and used for industrial welding and cutting gases, refillable vapour service cylinders manufactured after January 1, 2008 with a capacity of 4 lbs (1.8 kg) through 40 lb (18.1 kg) shall be equipped with an overfill prevention device (OPD) in compliance with UL 2227.

6.1.3
Specification TC 39M non-refillable cylinders shall be manufactured, tested, inspected, and marked in accordance with the requirements of CSA B339.

6.1.4
TC Specification 2P, 2R, and 2Q non-refillable aerosol containers shall be manufactured, tested, inspected, and marked in accordance with the requirements of CGSB-43.123.

6.1.5
Refillable cylinders shall not be refilled if they are due for requalification as prescribed by requirements of CSA B339.
The following special provisions for requalification shall apply:
(a)   The results of the inspection shall be recorded.
(b)   b) Records showing the results of the inspection and requalification shall be kept by the facility carrying
(c)   out the inspection until
(d)   (i) the date of expiration of the requalification period; or
(e)   (ii) the date the cylinder is reinspected.
(f)   (c) Every cylinder shall have the relief valve removed and replaced with either a new relief valve or one
(g)   that has been tested to and complies with CGA S-1.1, and found acceptable for use. A replacement
(h)   valve shall have the relief valve and dip tube length sized for the cylinder. (See Annex G for sizing of
(i)   dip tube length.)

6.1.16
Cylinders in storage or connected for use, cylinder-regulating equipment, or a cylinder manifold shall not be exposed to temperatures in excess of 125 °F (52 °C).

6.2.3
When a fixed-liquid-level gauge is used, the length of the dip tube in millimeters, prefixed with the letters “DT”, and followed by the letters “mm”, shall be stamped on the exterior of the valve to which the dip tube is connected and on the cylinder in accordance with CSA B339.

6.5.1.3
Not more than three aerosol containers, or non-refillable cylinders manufactured to Specification TC-39M, filled with propane liquid or vapour, shall be stored in a dwelling unit.

6.5.1.4
Any cylinder in storage shall not be exposed to an open flame, or other source of ignition, and shall be protected from tampering or damage by fencing or equivalent means.

6.5.1.5
A refillable cylinder, either empty or filled, that has a propane capacity of 44 lb (20 kg) or less shall be equipped with an effective seal such as a plug, cap, or a quick-disconnect device. This seal shall be in place whenever the cylinder is not connected for use.

Table 6.3
‡Cylinders intended for exchange or sale shall be stored in no more than four adjacent cabinets that may be located against a noncombustible building wall at one retail site. No more than one cabinet may be located against a combustible wall. Each cabinet shall contain no more than 500 lb (225 kg) of propane. Cabinets shall be 3 ft (0.9 m) from any building opening and 10 ft (3 m) from any mechanical air intake. Cabinets shall be 25 ft (7.6 m) from the line of adjoining property occupied by schools, churches, hospitals, athletic fields, or other points of public gathering.

6.5.1.13
A cylinder that contains propane liquid or vapour shall not be stored on the roof of a building unless it is stored in accordance with Clause 6.5.3.9 or connected for use in accordance with Clause 6.8.

6.5.1.14
When cylinders are enclosed in a cabinet, cage, or other means not covered under Clause 6.5.2.6 or Clause 6.5.10, the confinement means shall
(a) be supplied with a top cover;
(b) be made of noncombustible material and be structurally sound, with no openings greater than 4 in2 (25.8 cm2);
(c) have at least 2 sides constructed to provide equal ventilation through openings at the top and bottom of the side providing, as a minimum, the equivalent total opening of 15% open area on each side panel;
(d) not restrict the dispersion of any fuel gas leak to ensure it is well ventilated;
(e) have its base on a firm level footing in an upright position; and
(f) not be located against other objects, or have objects attached, that restrict ventilation.

6.5.2.1
Except as permitted in Clauses 6.5.2.4, 6.5.3.2, 6.5.4.2, and 6.5.5.2, cylinders shall be fenced in accordance with Clause 6.5.2.2 or 6.5.2.3 or shall be enclosed in a cabinet, cage, or other means in accordance with Clause 6.5.1.14, 6.5.2.6, or 6.5.10.

6.5.2.4
A cylinder stored outdoors against an industrial building on the property of the user shall meet the requirements of Clause 6.5.1. The fencing or storage cabinet required by Clause 6.5.2.1 shall not be mandatory, provided that
(a) the cylinder is stored in an area that provides protection from tampering;
(b) the cylinder is stored in an area free of vehicular or mobile equipment travel, or protected by barriers or the equivalent;
(c) all cylinders are not less than 25 ft (7.6 m) from any other building, property line, or point of assembly;
(d) the total quantity of propane stored does not exceed 1000 lb (450 kg);
(e) the relief valve on any cylinder is not less than 3 ft (.9 m) horizontally from any building opening that is below the level of the relief valve discharge; and
(f) the relief valve discharge is not less than 10 ft (3 m) on a horizontal plane from the air intake of any appliance or air-moving equipment.

6.5.2.6 Cylinder exchange requirements

6.5.2.6.1 Propane cylinder exchange for resale
In addition to other applicable requirements of Clause 6.5, such as Clause 6.5.1.9 and Table 6.3, facilities operating cylinder exchange stations for propane that are accessible to the public shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) Cylinders shall be secured in a lockable, ventilated metal cabinet or other approved enclosure.
(b) Cylinders shall be accessible only by authorized personnel or by use of an automated exchange system in accordance with Clause 6.5.2.6.2.
(c) A sign shall be posted on the entry door of the business operating the cylinder exchange stating “DO
NOT BRING PROPANE CYLINDERS INTO THE BUILDING”.*
*The equivalent French wording is “NE PAS APPORTER DES BOUTEILLES DE PROPANE Á L’INTÉRIEUR DU BATIMENT”.
(d) An emergency contact information sign shall be posted within 10 ft (3 m) of the cylinder storage cabinet.
(e) Electrical equipment within 5 ft (1.5 m) of cylinders stored for resale shall meet the requirements of Table 7.6, part K.
(f) Protection of cylinders for resale shall be in accordance with Clause 6.5.4.2(b).

6.5.2.6.2 Automated cylinder exchange machine
Cylinder exchange stations that include an automated vending system for exchanging cylinders shall comply with the following additional requirements:
(a) The automated cylinder exchange machine shall only permit access to a single cylinder per individual transaction.
(b) Cabinets storing cylinders shall be designed such that cylinders can only be placed inside when they are oriented in the upright position.
(c) Devices operating door releases for access to stored cylinders may be permitted to be pneumatic, mechanical or electrically powered.
(d) A manual override control shall be permitted for use by authorized personnel. On an automated cylinder exchange machine, the vending system shall not be capable of returning to automatic operation after a manual override until the system has been inspected and reset by authorized personnel.
(e) Inspections shall be conducted by authorized personnel to verify that all cylinders are secured, access doors are closed, and the automated cylinder exchange machine has no visible damage or obvious defects that necessitate placing the station out of service.
(f) There shall be a system, activated by a fusible link, designed to create a temporary inert atmosphere in the interior of the cabinet.
(g) The system shall be equipped with a propane detector, and if the system detects a propane leak, the automated cylinder exchange machine will put itself in an out of service condition and send an e-mail notification to the supplier.
(h) The area where the automated cylinder exchange machine is located shall be illuminated.
(i) All moving mechanisms in the automated cylinder exchange machine shall be of non-sparking construction.

6.5.3.1 Cylinders not connected

6.5.3.1.1
A cylinder not connected for use shall be stored. A cylinder properly connected for use in an approved manner is not considered in storage.

6.5.3.1.2
A stored cylinder shall be located in an area that complies with the requirements of Clause 6.5.3.2, and the storage area shall be outdoors. The following requirements shall apply:
(a) When the following conditions are met, a storage area utilizing a structure with overhead protection, walls, or both, meets the intent of outdoor storage:
(i) The structure is designed to be enclosed by no more than two solid walls on the level the cylinder(s) are stored.
(ii) The cylinders are located within 25 ft (7.6 m) of an open area of the perimeter opening.
(iii) When a wall of the structure is a part a building, that building must be under construction, repair, improvement, and there shall be no inhabited dwelling units or inhabited sections of that building.
(iv) There shall be no openings through which gas may travel to a lower elevation, such as an open stairway on the floor on which the cylinders are located.
(v) There shall be no wall openings through which gases could travel into another structure or building.
(b) Cylinders may be stored in a cabinet in the storage area that meets the requirements of Clause 6.5.1.14.
(c) A storage area may be on a roof of a structure or building, provided the conditions of Clause 6.5.3.9 are met.

6.5.3.2
Cylinders in storage shall
(a) be stored in an area that
(i) provides protection from tampering;
(ii) is free from vehicular or mobile equipment travel, or protected by barriers or the equivalent;
(iii) has “NO SMOKING”* signs are prominently displayed. These signs shall be in accordance with Clause 7.12.3; and
*The equivalent French wording is “DÉFENSE DE FUMER”.
(iv) meets the requirements of Table 6.3;
(b) be placed such that the relief valve on any cylinder is not less than 3 ft (0.9 m) horizontally from any building opening that is below the level of the relief valve discharge;
(c) be placed such that the relief valve discharge is not less than 10 ft (3 m) on the horizontal plane from the air intake of any appliance or air-moving equipment; and
(d) be stored in a area that meets Clauses 6.5.1 and 6.5.3.9.

6.5.3.5
A cylinder may be used indoors in the construction, repair, or improvement of a building or structure, including its fixtures and equipment, provided that
(a) a pressure regulator is employed and directly connected to the appliance or cylinder valve, or located on a manifold that is connected to the cylinder valve;
(b) the total capacity of cylinders connected together does not exceed 300 lb (136 kg) of propane, and not more than one such manifold of cylinders is located in the same floor area unless separated by a distance of at least 50 ft (15.2 m);
(c) any cylinder with a capacity greater than 1 lb (0.5 kg) of propane is equipped with an excess-flow valve. The excess-flow valve shall be either integral to the cylinder valve or in the connection with the cylinder valve outlet. In either case, it shall be installed in such a manner that undue strain beyond the excess-flow valve will not cause breakage between the cylinder and the valve;
(d) the cylinder-regulating equipment and manifold are not located where they are subject to damage;
(e) when repair work is being carried out in a building not under construction and occupied, any cylinder used in the repair work is under the supervision of the operator at all times;
(f) each cylinder is provided with a protective collar;
(g) a cylinder with a capacity up to and including 100 lb (45 kg) of propane that is connected for use to a construction heater is secured in an upright position; and
(h) any construction heater connected to the cylinder is installed and used in accordance with Clause 7.18 of CSA B149.1.

6.5.3.8
Moving a propane cylinder from one level to another level or the roof of a building may be done using
(a) a freight, service elevator, or construction hoist; or
(b) a public passenger elevator or escalator, provided only the person(s) involved with the cylinder are in the elevator or on the escalator. When moving a propane cylinder to or from the roof or one level to another of a building, each cylinder valve outlet shall be closed and plugged, and the valve protective cap or collar shall be in place. (See also Clause 6.1.)

6.5.3.9 Cylinders on building rooftops
Cylinders on building rooftops shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) A propane cylinder shall not be on the roof of a building unless the cylinder is to be connected for work undertaken on the roof during the current or the immediate following work shift.
(b) Cylinders not in use shall be stored in accordance with provisions of Clause 6.5.3.2, and the following requirements shall also apply:
(i) The weight of the cylinder(s) shall not exceed the net load capacity of the roofing structure as specified by building owner/management.
(ii) The storage area shall be at least 10 ft (3 m) from the building edge or a change in elevation of more than 3 feet (0.9 m).
(iii) Cylinders shall be secured to maintain the cylinders in the proper storage position during inclement weather.
(iv) All cylinders shall be removed upon completion of the work.
(c) Cylinders properly connected in an approved manner to the appliance they serves shall be adequately secured from inclement weather.
(d) No more than 1000 lb (450 kg) of propane in total capacity shall be on the roof.

6.5.4.3
A cylinder may be used indoors to supply propane for welding, cutting, and preheating when portability is necessary, provided that
(a) a pressure regulator is employed and directly connected to the equipment or cylinder valve, or located on a manifold that is connected to the cylinder valve;
(b) when cutting or welding, the total capacity of cylinders connected to other industrial gas cylinders does not exceed 100 lb (45 kg) of propane, and not more than one manifold of cylinders is located in the same area unless separated by a distance of 15 ft (4.6 m);
(c) when preheating, the total capacity of cylinders connected to other industrial gases does not exceed 200 lb (90 kg) of propane, and not more than one manifold of cylinders is located in the same area unless separated by a distance of 30 ft (9.1 m);
(d) the cylinder-regulating equipment and manifold are not located where they are subject to damage;
(e) the cylinder is provided with a protective collar; and
(f) when the cylinder has a capacity greater than 1 lb (0.5 kg) of propane, it is equipped with an excess-flow valve. The excess-flow valve shall be either integral to the cylinder valve or in the connection with the cylinder valve outlet. In either case, it shall be installed in such a manner that undue strain beyond the excess-flow valve will not cause breakage between the cylinder and the valve.

6.5.6.1
The requirements of Clause 6.5.6 shall apply to non-refillable with cylinders manufactured to Specifications TC-39M and aerosol containers with net capacities of more than 0.36 lb (160 g) and less than 1.05 lb (480 g).

Table 6.4
Storage of non-refillable cylinders in mercantile occupancies
(See Clause 6.5.6.2(c).)

6.5.6.3
Cylinders located in the backstock (warehouse) area of a retail outlet (mercantile occupancy) shall be stored as follows:
(a) Cylinders shall be in packaged in accordance with CSA B340 and marked in compliance with the provisions of CSA B339 and securely stacked to a height of not more than 6.56 ft (2 m).
(b) Storage of cylinders shall be in compliance with the separation, clearances, quantities, and other requirements listed in Table 6.5.

Table 6.5
Storage of non-refillable cylinders in the backstock (warehouse) area of mercantile occupancies
(See Clause 6.5.6.3(b).)

6.5.9.1
Non-refillable cylinders manufactured to Specifications TC-39M and aerosol containers having a maximum water capacity of 2.7 lb (1.2 kg) and filled with no more than 16.8 oz (0.48 kg) of propane shall be permitted for use indoors to supply propane to food service appliances.

6.5.9.3
Storage in restaurants and non-residential food service locations of non-refillable cylinders manufactured to Specifications TC-39M and aerosol containers having a maximum water capacity of 2.7 lb (1.2 kg) and filled with no more than 16.8 oz (0.48 kg) of propane shall be limited to 10 cylinders. Additional non-refillable cylinders manufactured to Specifications TC-39M and aerosol containers up to an equivalent of 250 L (approximately 638 cylinders) may be stored inside the restaurant or non-residential food service location, if stored inside an approved ULC-C1275 or UL 1275 cabinet.

6.6 Transportation of cylinders
Propane is a dangerous good under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Regulations of Transport Canada. The TDG Regulations have additional requirements that must be satisfied when activities under the TDG Regulations are performed.

6.8 Rooftop installation of cylinder systems
A cylinder system may be installed on the uppermost flat roof of a building, provided that
(a) the roof is of noncombustible construction with a 2 h fire-resistance rating;
(b) the load on the roof does not exceed the design load;
(c) the total capacity of the cylinder(s) connected to any one manifold is not greater than 200 lb (91 kg) of propane;
(d) each manifold of cylinders is separated from other manifolds by a fire separation of 1 h fire-resistance rating or by a clear 50 ft (15 m) space separation;
(e) the cylinders are located in areas where there is free air circulation and at a distance of at least 10 ft (3 m) horizontally from any building opening, appliance air intake, or air-moving equipment;
(f) during transfer of each cylinder from the point of delivery to the roof and from the roof to the point of pick-up, each cylinder valve outlet is plugged and the valve protecting cap or collar is in place;
(g) transfer in accordance with Item (f) by elevator shall be by freight or service elevators, or by passenger elevator if no passengers are permitted on the elevator other than the maintenance or delivery personnel involved with the cylinder;
(h) hose is not used to conduct propane;
(i) each installation is reported in writing by the installer to the fire department concerned; and
(j) the building is sprinklered if it contains a high-hazard industrial occupancy.

7.1.10
Tanks that have liquid interconnections shall be installed so that the maximum permitted filling level of each container is at the same elevation. Vertical containers used in liquid service shall not be manifolded to horizontal containers. Vertical containers of different dimensions shall not be manifolded together.

7.4.8
Any line utilized for product flow shall have a flow capacity greater than the rated flow of the excess-flow valve protecting the line.

7.8.8
The tank, piping, and fittings shall be dielectrically isolated from other metal structures by the use of dielectric unions, couplings, flange sets, or specially made isolating fittings. To accommodate electrical system grounding to the pump, either a polarization cell shall be provided or the pump shall be dielectrically isolated from the tank and piping.
Note: Non-metallic tubing installed between metallic piping and an underground tank is acceptable as a dielectric joint.

7.8.12
An underground storage tank with a capacity of 2000 USWG (7500 L) or less shall be located a minimum distance of
(a) 5 ft (1.5 m) from a line of adjoining property that cannot be built upon, or from other underground services; and
(b) 10 ft (3 m) from a line of adjoining property that can be built upon, from a building, or from another underground tank.

7.8.13
An underground storage tank with a capacity greater than 2000 USWG (7500 L) shall be located at a minimum distance of
(a) 5 ft (1.5 m) from other underground services;
(b) 10 ft (3 m) from another underground tank; and
(c) 50 ft (15.2 m) from a line of adjoining property or a building.

7.9.3
On an underground tank with a capacity of 2000 USWG or less, the discharge of a safety relief valve and other vent devices or lines may be vented within the dome, housing or curb box. The area of ventilation openings shall be at least equal to the combined discharge areas of the pressure relief devices and other vent devices or lines that discharge into the dome, housing, or curb box.

7.10.2
A tank used in a consumer application shall be located with respect to a property line, building opening, or an adjacent tank in accordance with Table 7.4, except that
(a) a maximum of four tanks, each less than 125 USWG (475 L), that are manifolded together to form a system may be located against a common wall of a building. Not more than one such manifold system may be located against a common wall of a building unless separated by a distance of 10 ft (3 m); and
(b) when the single largest container in a manifolded system is allowed in Clause 7.10.2(a), then the aggregate capacity is not used when determining separation distance to an important building, group of buildings, or line of adjoining property that can be built upon. The largest single container in the manifolded system shall be used to determine the clearances required in Table 7.4.

7.10.3
A tank used in a consumer application shall be located with respect to a property line, building opening, or an adjacent tank in accordance with Table 7.4, except that
(a) for capacities over 125 USWG (475 L) and up to and including 500 USWG (1900 L), the clearance from building walls may be reduced to 3 ft (1 m) for a single tank, provided that
(i) the building wall is of concrete or masonry construction;
(ii) there is a minimum of 10 ft (3 m) to the nearest building opening; and
(iii) the tank is used only for vapour service; and
(b) for capacities over 125 USWG (475 L) and up to and including 5000 USWG (19 000 L), the clearances from building walls of other than concrete or masonry construction may be reduced to the clearances specified for concrete or masonry wall construction if protection acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction is provided.

Table 7.5
Location of tanks at filling plants and container refill centres
(See Clauses 7.16 and 7.19.1.1.)

7.17.3
A container filling or storage building, a building containing a pump and compressor, or a building containing a vaporizer shall
(a) be built of or covered with noncombustible materials, except that rafters, floor, and studs that are exposed to the interior may be of wood;
(b) be ventilated with openings to the outside air in at least two walls, exclusive of doors, at floor level and at or near the ceiling. Each opening shall have an opening to floor area ratio of not less than 1:600. These ventilation openings shall be not less than 10 ft (3 m) horizontally from any air intake of any appliance or air-moving equipment or any other opening into any building;
(c) have floor at or above grade. Any space below a floor shall be well ventilated and kept free of combustible material or the space shall be filled in with tamped earth;
(d) have two or more exits when the travel distance to an exit is more than 15 ft (4.5 m) (additional exits shall be provided when the distance between exits in the same wall is more than 75 ft (22.5 m); and
(i) exit doors shall swing to open outward; and
(ii) any latch on an exit door shall be only of the magnetic or friction type;
(e) have explosion relieving to the outdoors of not less than 1 ft2 (0.1 m2) for each 50 ft3 (1.4 m3) of building volume. The type of explosion relief venting shall be one of the following:
(i) an open area;
(ii) an outwardly opening sash;
(iii) an explosion-relief panel; or
(iv) single-strength glass; and
(f) have all pressure relief valve discharges vented to the exterior, and shall not be within 3 ft (0.9 m) of a ventilation opening unless the relief discharges vertically upward and is above the roof line.

7.18.3
When a filling plant is used for the transfer of propane from a rail car to tank truck, tank trailer, or cargo liner, it shall
(a) satisfy the requirements of Clauses 7.12 to 7.18 and 7.19.4; and
(b) be approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

7.19 Container refill centres

7.19.1 General

7.19.1.1
A tank shall be located in accordance with Table 7.5.

7.19.1.2
A container refill centre shall meet the requirements of Clauses 6.5.1 and 6.5.2 if it is used for the storage of containers.

7.19.1.3
The aggregate capacity of tanks installed in accordance with Clause 7.19 shall not exceed 5000 USWG (19 000 L).

7.19.1.4
A ventilated cabinet, an enclosure, or fencing used in conjunction with a tank shall be locked when unattended.

7.19.1.5
A service valve normally located under the dome of a tank shall
(a) have the outlet opening plugged unless it is to be used
(i) for vapour withdrawal service; or
(ii) as a connection for the pump bypass piping; and
(b) not be used for both vapour withdrawal service and as a connection for the pump bypass piping at the same time.

7.19.1.6
At least one portable fire extinguisher of not less than 20-B, C rating shall be installed in a readily accessible location at a container refill centre.

7.19.1.7
A container refill centre shall be equipped with a clearly identified and readily accessible means to shut off the propane system and electrical power to the propane pump and propane dispenser during an emergency.

7.19.1.8
A vehicle fuel dispenser shall incorporate a manual (deadman) flow control that shuts off the propane supply when the control is released.

7.19.1.9
A kiosk doorway shall not be located within 10 ft (3 m) of any point of transfer it faces.

7.19.4.4
Barriers, other than those specified in Clauses 7.19.4.1 and 7.19.4.2, that provide an equivalent level of protection may be used. Equivalency may be demonstrated by physical testing or engineering analysis.

7.20 Dispensing system

7.20.1
A propane dispensing system shall be located at least
(a) 10 ft (3 m) from
(i) a property line;
(ii) a drainage basin or ditch;
(iii) any noncombustible building wall; and
(b) 25 ft (7.6 m) from a combustible building wall unless approved fire protection is provided.

7.20.2
A propane dispenser or vehicle fuel dispenser located on an island shall be protected from damage with the use of posts
(a) as stipulated in Clause 7.19.4.1, Items (b) to (d); and
(b) located to provide a minimum of
(i) 1 ft (300 mm) of clear space between the posts and the propane dispenser; and
(ii) 42 in (1080 mm) of clear space between the posts and propane dispenser located on an island that incorporates a cylinder filling scale. As an alternative to Items (a) and (b), a propane dispenser or vehicle fuel dispenser used for vehicle filling and located on an island shall have the pump and the ISC valve interlocked so that the valve is closed when the pump is not running, and the ends of the island shall be protected with posts in accordance with Clause 7.19.4.1. The island shall be made of concrete and shall be a minimum of 3.5 in (9 cm) above the vehicle-travelled portion of the area adjacent to the vehicle fuel dispenser. See Annex N. When purging equipment is provided, a vent pipe shall be installed to discharge the vapours to an ignition-free location at least 10 ft (3.m) from the propane dispenser.
Note: Vehicles are not normally considered a source of ignition within the dispensing zone, provided that the engine and any source of ignition is turned off before and during the refuelling. The person who is filling or purging any propane container is responsible for ensuring that there is no source of ignition within 10 ft (3 m) measured horizontally.

7.20.3
A piping system, located below grade, from a tank to a propane dispenser located on an island shall be installed
(a) underground in accordance with the provisions of Clause 6.15 of CSA B149.1; or
(b) in a trough as shown in Figure C.1 of Annex C. Piping used in the concrete trough shall be protected from corrosion and comply with the requirements of Clause 6 of CSA B149.1, with the exception of Clause 6.15.

7.20.4
Except as specified in Clause 7.19.3(b), and except when the dispensing system is activated, the internal safety control valve serving the propane or vehicle fuel dispenser shall remain closed. The propane or vehicle fuel dispenser and internal safety control valve shall be interlocked either electrically or pneumatically. Other means of shutting off the fuel system shall be used on the piping system serving the propane dispenser or vehicle fuel dispenser when closure of the internal safety control valve can interrupt other services. This shutoff device shall be located as close as practical to the tank and interlocked with the propane dispenser or vehicle fuel dispenser as above.

Table 7.6
Electrical classification
(See Clauses 6.5.1.11, 6.5.1.12, 6.5.2.6.1, 7.13, 7.19.5, and 8.8.1 and Figure F.1.)

7.21.1
Requirements for the transportation of tanks not intended for transport and containing not more than 5% capacity are prescribed in CSA B622.

7.22 Operations and maintenance procedures

7.22.1 General
Procedures shall be established appropriate to tank systems, filling plants, container refill centres, and other facilities where liquid propane is piped to a vaporizer or process, as follows:
(a) operating procedures sufficient to ensure safety and reliability in the day-to-day operation of the facility; and (b) maintenance procedures, covering testing, inspection, monitoring, and documenting the equipment, its repair and general upkeep.

7.22.2 Documentation of procedures
The procedures in Clause 7.22 shall be documented in a form appropriate to the particular facility in notices, manuals, guidelines, or other recorded instructions on view or readily available at the facility.
Note: See Annex L on risk and safety management plans.

7.22.3 Review and maintenance of procedures
The procedures shall be modified when necessary because of equipment or organizational changes, and reviewed as required.

7.22.4 Operating procedures
The operating procedures shall be appropriate to the particular facility and shall take into account, amongst other things, the following:
(a) emergency procedures;
(b) emergency evacuation procedures and designated safe location;
(c) product transfer and handling procedures;
(d) monitoring of essential functions and equipment;
(e) housekeeping and site maintenance;
(f) any manufacturer’s operating instructions for equipment;
(g) equipment not in use (i.e., isolation, deactivation, identification);
(h) maintaining clear spaces for access;
(i) maintaining clearances for setbacks;
(j) personnel safety;
(k) personal protective equipment;
(l) control of ignition sources;
(m) grounding and bonding;
(n) control of access, security, and lock-up;
(o) vehicle movement and parking; and
(p) operator experience.

8.1.2
Propane equipment on a tank and its related piping shall be maintained in good working order and kept free of leaks at all times.
Note: The requirements for design, manufacture, repair, inspection, test, marking, selection, and use of tank trucks, tank trailers, cargo liners, and portable tanks for transporting propane are prescribed by the Transport of Dangerous Goods Regulations of Transport Canada.

8.4.3
The content of a cargo tank or cargo liner may be transferred to the cargo tank on another tank truck or cargo liner in an emergency. The transfer of propane from a cargo tank or cargo liner for any purpose other than an emergency shall only be performed when specifically approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

8.4.4
At a location other than a filling plant, the content of a rail car may be transferred to a tank truck, tank trailer or cargo liner when approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

8.6.7
A tank truck, tank trailer, or cargo liner used for storage shall comply with Clause 7.

9.1.2
Vaporizers that are designed to return heated propane to the storage container shall be considered tank heaters.

9.1.10
An emergency shutdown system shall be installed in any tank system supplying propane to a direct-fired vaporizer. The electric or pneumatic or mechanical shutoff system shall be able to be activated by pushing a panic button, or pulling a chain or cable that shall be located at least 25 ft (7.6 m) away from the vaporizer and tank(s) and shall be able to shut off the supply of propane to the vaporizer by closing the valves at the liquid line and the gaseous line at the tank.

9.2.3
The heating medium piping connected to an indirect vaporizer shall be provided with backflow preventers and phase separators to prevent the flow of propane into such piping. When an indirect vaporizer is installed in a building, the phase separators shall be installed outdoors or shall be vented outside.

9.2.5
If the heat source of an indirect-fired vaporizer is a source of ignition, is not certified for hazardous locations, and is located within 15 ft (4.5 m) of the vaporizer, the vaporizer and its heat source shall be installed as a direct-fired vaporizer.

9.4 Tank heaters

9.4.1
Direct-fired tank heaters shall not be used.

9.4.2
Direct-type tank heaters shall be installed only on aboveground ASME containers.

9.4.3
Tank heaters shall only be installed on steel containers.

9.4.4
If the tank heater is similar in operation to an indirect-fired vaporizer, the tank heater and its heat source shall comply with Clause 9.2.

9.4.5
Direct-type tank heaters shall be removed annually, and the container surface shall be inspected for coating damage and corrosion.

9.4.6
Tank heaters shall be approved for the application, shall be used according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and shall be permanently and legibly marked with the following:
(a) rated energy output in BTU/hr (kW);
(b) maximum vaporizing capacity in gallons per hour (litres per hour);
(c) minimum container size for which the heater is designed to be installed upon; and
(d) name or symbol of the manufacturer

9.4.7
Manufacturer’s instructions for tank heaters shall provide direction for their use for heating propane containers.

9.4.8
Tank heaters shall prevent the heater from raising the pressure in the storage container to more than 215 psig (1500 kPa).

9.4.9
Tank heaters either shall not heat an empty (propane liquid) container or they shall not heat the surface of the container above 90°F (32 °C).

9.4.10
Container systems having tank heaters that remove propane liquid and return heated propane shall have a vapour discharge connection that is separate from the heated propane return line.

Annex B (informative)
Guide for tank installations (see Clause 7.19.4)

Figure B.3
Cylinder and tank installations

Figure H.1
Underground tank diagrams

Annex L (informative)
Risk and safety management plans

Annex N (informative)
Propane dispensing system

Annex O (informative)
Propane industry application map

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Re: B149.2-15 Propane storage and handling code & FS-XXX-15 Amendments
« Reply #1 on: January 03, 2016, 03:49:47 AM »
It seems the proposed Propane CAD amends Section 7.2 by adding Clause 7.2.5;

Quote
7.2.5
Relief valves shall be inspected and inspection recorded at a minimum interval of every five (5) years. The process as per “Pressure Relief valve (PRV) Replacement Intervals, Visual Inspections and Data Collection Requirements for Propane Tanks” published by Canadian Propane Association, January 2015, shall be followed.

I'm not sure what happens to the existing Clause 7.2.5 found in the B149.2-10 & B149.2-15, as it was never revoked;

Quote
7.2.5
A loose-fitting rain cap shall be provided for all tank relief valves.

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Re: B149.2-15 Propane storage and handling code & FS-XXX-15 Amendments
« Reply #2 on: September 02, 2018, 11:03:36 PM »
The B149.2.15 with FS-224-17 Amendments become effective July 1, 2017.

Download the CAD FS-224-17 here,

https://hvactechgroup.com/article.php/20180902233740695